The Fundamental Rights of Indian Citizens are the basic and important rights of individuals as provided by the Constitution. The state cannot interfere with the fundamental rights of Indian citizens.
To begin with, these rights are critical for an individual’s entire mental, physical, and moral development. Without them, their personal growth would come to a halt. Consequently, in a democratic state every individual is guaranteed fundamental rights without any discrimination. The second reason for calling these rights as fundamental is that they are enshrined in the basic legislation of the country, the constitution and they can be changed only by amending the constitution.
Fundamental Rights are divided into 23 sections (Sections 12 to 30 and 32 to 35). Originally, there were seven categories of basic rights, but the fundamental right to property was removed following the 42nd amendment.
Table of Contents
List of Fundamental Rights of Indian Citizens
Following are the six fundamental rights of Indian citizens:
1) Right of Equality (समानता का अधिकार)
Civil and social equality has been considered in the Indian Constitution as the cornerstone of the government system of India. As a result, the constitution guarantees equality before the law, equality before the law, and equal opportunity in government positions. Articles 14 through 18 of the Constitution reference the right to equality.
2) Right to Freedom (स्वतंत्रता का अधिकार)
Human beings have the finest and most important right to freedom. Without it, the citizen will not be able to find satisfaction and joy in life, nor will his individuality grow. As a result, Articles 19 to 22 of the Indian Constitution have been used to outline the rights to four key freedoms. The most significant of these is Article 19, which contains the following seven categories of liberties.
a) Freedom of thought and expression(विचार और अभिव्यक्ति की स्वतंत्रता).
b) Freedom of assembly peacefully and without arms(शांतिपूर्वक और बिना शस्त्र के सभा की स्वतंत्रता).
c) Freedom to form community and association(समुदाय और संघ बनाने की स्वतंत्रता).
d) Freedom of movement and free movement in India(भारत में आंदोलन और मुक्त आंदोलन की स्वतंत्रता).
e) Freedom to reside in any part of India(भारत के किसी भी भाग में निवास करने की स्वतंत्रता).
f) Freedom to acquire, hold and spend property(संपत्ति अर्जित करने, धारण करने और खर्च करने की स्वतंत्रता).
g) Freedom of livelihood(आजीविका की स्वतंत्रता).
3) Right against Exploitation (शोषण के विरुद्ध अधिकार)
Articles 23 and 25 of the Indian Constitution grant citizens the right to be free from exploitation. It outlawed the use of slave labour and other forms of forced labour.
Children under the age of 14 are not permitted to work in factories or other dangerous jobs, according to section 25.
4) Right to Freedom of Religion (धर्म की स्वतंत्रता का अधिकार)
Articles 25 through 28 of the Constitution reference the right to religious freedom. Citizens and foreigners like have the following religious freedom rights under these rights:
- Freedom of conscience.
- Freedom to manage religious affairs.
- Exemption from payment of tax on fixed income for religious expenditure.
- Religious education prohibited in state educational institutions.
5) Cultural and Education Rights (सांस्कृतिक और शिक्षा अधिकार)
Articles 29 and 30 of the Constitution outline cultural and educational rights. According to Article 29, all Indian minorities have the right to self-determination. Section 30 declares that all religious or linguistic minorities have the freedom to form their own educational institutions in their own language, script and culture. When it comes to funding, the state will not make any distinction between educational institutions.
6) Right to Constitutional Remedies (संवैधानिक उपचार का अधिकार)
According to Article 32 of the Constitution, whenever any community or individual violates them, citizens can approach the High Court or the Supreme Court to protect their fundamental rights. can be taken. In this sense, the Indian Constitution not only describes but also provides the tools to protect the fundamental rights. That is why Dr. Ambedkar termed this clause as “the soul of the Constitution”.
In Conclusion, in this article “Fundamental Rights of Indian Citizens” we have explained the 6 fundamental rights of an Indian citizen which are provided by the Indian Constitution. Hope you liked this article.