A noun is the name of specific object or group of objects that can be a person, place, animal, object, material, idea, and even emotions. Noun is taken from a latin word nomen which means name. In other words, we can say that a noun is the naming words.
संज्ञा क्या है? संज्ञा किसी भी चीज का नाम है जो एक व्यक्ति, गति, पशु, वस्तु, सामग्री, विचार, यहां तक कि एक भावना भी हो सकती है।.
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Examples of nouns
- Jonny – Name of a person
- Delhi – Name of a place
- Pen – Name of a thing
- Iron – Name of material
- Love – Emotion of feeling
- Tiger – Name of animal and so on.
Types of Noun in English grammar
In our English grammar there are five types of nouns which are as follows-
- Proper Noun
- Common Noun
- Collective Noun
- Abstract Noun
- Material Noun
1. Proper Noun
What is proper noun? Proper noun is the particular or specific name which is given to a person, place, item or thing. For example, Agra, Virat Kohli, USA, Monday, English and so on.
“I” always begins with capital letters no matter where they occur writing a sentence.
Here are some examples of proper nouns shown in bold letters:
Rohit love to spend time with his friend Rohan in kolkata.
Hero and Honda are two bikemakers company.
We visited Dal lake which is one the beauty of Jammu and Kashmir.
2. Common Noun
What is common noun? Common noun is the common name given to a person, place, item or a thing. It starts from capital word only while appearing at the beginning of a sentence. For example, Girl, Country, Color and so on.
Here are some examples of common nouns shown in bold letters:
Students love weekends.
The door is open.
We should kind to animals.
3. Collective Noun
It is the name given to represent a group of people, animals or things:
For example, A group of people watching a match(spectators), a group of people listening to a concert or lecture audience), a bunch of grapes, a class of students, a flock of birds, a series of events, A team of players, a herd of cattle, a pride of lions and so on.
Here are some examples of collective nouns that are capitalized:
The flock of birds flying in the sky.
Rohit Sharma is new captain of indian cricket team in T20.
Yesterday my family attended a wedding ceremony.
Pankaj distributed chocolates in his class on his birthday.
Abstract noun is the name of ideas, feelings, quality or thing that we cannot see, taste or touch.
Abstract noun examples, Love, Anger, Joy, Desire, good will, tired, happiness, hate etc.
Here are some examples of abstract nouns shown in bold letters:
Every parents love his daughter or son equally.
Mountains with snow is the beauty of Jammu & Kashmir.
I hate people who misbehave with elders.
It is the name you give to the material, substance or things that we use as ingredients for making it.
For example, Gold, Diamonds, Glass, Fiber, Air, Cloth, Metal and so on.
Here is the some example of Material nouns which is shown in bold letters –
Diamond cuts Diamond.
We should not waste food.
Woolen clothes keep us warm in winter.
Difference between Proper and Common Noun
The following are the differences between proper and common nouns:
|Common Noun||Proper Noun|
|Manument||Taj Mahal, India Gate and so on.|
|Boys||Sachin, Scott, John etc.|
|Month||January, February and so on|
|Place||Delhi, New York and so on.|
|Days||Sunday, Monday, Tuesday and so on.|
Some other kinds of Noun
Difference between Countable and Uncountable Noun
Following are the differences between countable and uncountable nouns – Countable Vs Uncountable:
|1.||Countable nouns can be counted. For example, An aeroplane, a college, one house two cars||Uncountable nouns cannot be counted. For example, water, honey, milk, sugar, rice and so on.|
|2.||It can take singular and plural verbs. For example, There is a pen on the table, Those are pens on the table.||It always takes singular verbs. For example, There is some coffee in that cup.|
|3.||It can use articles like a, an, the. For example, She bought a car.||When we talk about things like cup, glass, bottle, coffee, tea, in this case we can use articles(a, an, the). For example, Can I have a cup coffee.|
|4.||It can use my, his, her etc. For example, This is my home.||But It can not use my, his, her etc.|
|5.||It can be used alone with some/any/many/few in the plural. For example, I love some grapes||It can be used alone with some/any/much/little in the singular. For example, Give me some water, please.|
What are the Adjectives in English Grammar?